I attempted to post a question regarding a musical hook but was told it was extremely ill defined so I am asking how I should define musical hook.
Thank you for clarifying in your comments that this question is not a terminology question. This seemingly was a misunderstanding on my part where I was trying to interpret the question in such a way that it could remain open on the main site. If it were phrased as a terminology question, it would be quite clear and welcome there, e.g.:
I know about the concept of a 'musical hook': a "short riff, passage, or phrase, that is used in popular music to make a song appealing and to "catch the ear of the listener"." Is this studied within the field of psychology or neuroscience? Is there any domain-specific terminology used to refer to what makes music appealing or 'catch the ear of the listener'?
If this is your question, go ahead, copy/paste it, and post it as is.
Since you now indicate this is not what you are asking, I will have to presume (please correct me when I'm wrong) that this question in fact belongs on meta (it is a question about a question), which is why I moved it here. Specifically, you seem to be asking how within the question which you have now deleted you should define 'musical hook':
What is the taxonomy of a musical hook?
I'm attempting to ask is science is able to define, or perhaps model, the response criteria that humans use to create preferences.
For example a hit song. Why was "Satisfaction" far more popular than other Stones songs available at the time?
Does the bell curve apply in this instances?
I presume you asked this given the lengthy comment asking for clarification I left behind, in particular, the bolded part:
As is, this question is extremely unclear/ill-defined. You do not define 'musical hook', thus it would be hard to know what 'taxonomies' you would be interested in. Providing an example could clarify this. What do you mean by "the response criteria that humans use to create preferences"? What preferences? Musical preferences? Is still related to the 'musical hook' or not? What do you mean by 'response criteria'? Why do you mention a 'bell curve'? How is the song 'Satisfaction' related to 'musical hooks'? At a glance, it also seems you are asking more than one question. Focus on one to start.
To answer your question, you can see I already gave you guidance in that first comment on how you can define 'musical hook': (1) Providing an example could clarify this.
Alternatively, (2) you can also cite a specific source you agree with (as I do in my 'terminology' question above), which was also suggested to you in a comment.
Hopefully this clarifies how you can elaborate on concepts which are pointed out in comments as unclear.